Eni's ˜rst human rights report - released in December 2019 - aimed at illustrating its commitment to respect for Human Rights in compli-ance with the UN Guiding Principles (UNGPs) and in line with the main recommendations of the UN Guiding Principles Reporting Framework (published in February 2015). Because the Secretary of State designates foreign groups or organizations as foreign terrorist organizations (FTOs) on the FTO list, the reports describe as “terrorists” only those groups on the current Department of State FTO list. This report includes documents on several countries that do not fall into the categories established by these statutes and thus are not covered by the congressional requirement. Human rights recognise the inherent value of each person, regardless of background, where we live, what we look like, what we think or what we believe. Purchase. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice. HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT 2019. Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Occasionally the Reports state that a country “generally respected” the rights of individuals. While it is generally accepted for strikes to be restricted in the public sector and in essential services, the interruption of which would endanger the life, personal safety, or health of a significant portion of the population, these restrictions need to be offset by adequate safeguards for the interests of the workers concerned (for example, mechanisms for mediation and arbitration, due process, and the right to judicial review of legal actions). The section also includes subsections on the role of the police and security apparatus, arrest and detention practices outside the criminal justice system, and any amnesties that may have occurred during the year. http://www.watchlist.org/, 2015-16 Demographic and Health Survey: If there are reports of patterns of sexual exploitation and abuse by UN or other multinational peacekeeping forces, these incidents are reported in this subsection, and they are included in the country report where the alleged abuse occurred, and in the country report where the alleged offender originated. Die globale Bedrohung der Menschenrechte durch China. The subsection Persons with Disabilities covers discrimination against persons with physical, mental, or intellectual disabilities in, among other things, employment, education, and the provision of other government services. https://www.scholarsatrisk.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/Scholars-at-Risk-Free-to-Think-2019.pdf. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/, UNICEF: Landmark report - First Nations women and girls . https://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/child/en/, UN Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict: http://www.stigmaindex.org/, Scholars at Risk 2018 Report: Abuses in Internal Conflicts:  This subsection applies only to countries experiencing significant internal conflict and describes reported abuses in such situations. The report also documents reports of human rights abuses by non-State actors, including killings, abductions, recruitment of children and extortion by the New People’s Army (NPA). Enforcement of the law is key to effective implementation. human rights report 2015. The reports cover deaths in detention due to adverse conditions in subsection 1.c., under Prison and Detention Center Conditions. PAUL POLMAN. An official website of the United States government, Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization, Office of the U.S. Authorities continued their efforts against members of PTM. The summary does not include many other common issues, such as overcrowding in prisons and societal discrimination, but these matters continue to be covered in the body of the reports. Report on the human rights situation in Ukraine 9 December 2015. The section also covers whether elected and appointed officials must make financial disclosures. It highlighted areas including health and safety; working conditions and non-discrimination at work; access to natural resources; and managing project-driven inflation among others. The Code's goal is to prevent discrimination and harassment because of race, sex, disability, and age, to name a few of the 17 grounds. Since the last update of the GRI human rights-related disclosures in 2011, the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights have become an authoritative global reference point. Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state. Identifying human rights risks and salient issues . https://www.amnestyusa.org/issues/gender-sexuality-identity/, Council for Global Equality: The report reviews whether the government has implemented effectively laws and policies to provide such persons the opportunity to gain nationality on a nondiscriminatory basis. Everyone who works has the right to just and favorable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection. International Work Group on Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA) Tags . 27 July 2020. The 44th annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices provide carefully researched, factual, and objective information on actions foreign governments are taking – or not taking – to demonstrate observance of and respect for internationally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms. All News . Acts of Congress mandate the annual submission of the Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. Miscellaneous. Publication date. Direct discrimination exists when laws, rules, or practices explicitly cite a particular ground (such as sex, race, religion, political opinion, national or social origin, etc.) The ILO has also exempted certain forms of prison labor, but only to the extent that such labor is exacted as a consequence of a conviction in a court of law and carried out under the supervision and control of a public authority, and provided that the prisoner is not hired out to or placed at the disposal of private entities. The Country Reports cover respect for human rights in foreign countries and territories worldwide. Rosemary Kayess gives 2020 Human Rights Oration. 07/10/2020. Overview. Arbitrary or Unlawful Interference with Privacy, Family, Home, or Correspondence:  Covers whether government authorities entered homes without judicial or other appropriate authorization, and whether a government accessed, collected, or used private communications or personal data arbitrarily or unlawfully (such as by targeting individuals based on the exercise of their human rights) or without appropriate legal authority. World Report 2019 is Human Rights Watch’s 29th annual review of human rights practices around the globe. The discussion is informed by internationally recognized labor rights and standards, including the Conventions and Recommendations of the ILO, and antitrafficking provisions in the UN Organized Crime Convention Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons. The Department strives to make the reports comprehensive, objective, and uniform in scope. The subsection on stateless persons examines whether a country has habitual residents who are legally stateless (not recognized as nationals under the laws of any state) or de facto stateless (not recognized as nationals by any state even if these individuals have a claim to nationality under the laws of a particular state). If necessary, this section also reports if informer systems were employed and if authorities punished family members for offenses allegedly committed by their relatives. To contain the rise in the spread of coronavirus, the state of Victoria ordered the lockdown of nine public housing towers for many days in July. http://www.dpi.org/, Disability Rights Promotion International: Any reports of the unlawful use of child soldiers by either government forces or by other organized armed groups are discussed in this subsection. Many states and municipalities also have enacted protections against discrimination and harassment based on sexual orientation, status as a parent, marital status, and political affiliation. Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives. Worker rights are discussed in each country report under the section heading “Worker Rights” in five subsections:  freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining; prohibition of forced or compulsory labor; prohibition of worst forms of child labor and minimum age for employment; prohibition of discrimination with respect to employment and occupation; and acceptable conditions of work. These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations. Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children. http://www.unfpa.org/gender/index.htm  and Reference does not indicate endorsement by the U.S. Department of State. Whereas it is essential to promote the development of friendly relations between nations. We are proud, 244 years later, to remain a leader in the effort to champion human rights and democratic ideals. To avoid being too repetitive, we do not make this point every time we cover a particular issue, but readers should be aware that it is a significant factor in these kinds of abuses in all countries and cultures. 2015 . For purposes of focus and streamlining, the reports select a few illustrative examples of alleged abuses and follow up in most instances only on the previous year’s high-profile unresolved cases. “Discrimination with respect to employment and occupation” may be direct or indirect. News article. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Accordingly, the reports use “generally respected” as a standard phrase to describe countries that attempt to protect and promote human rights in the fullest sense, and it is thus the highest level of respect for human rights assigned by these reports. A recently published U.N. report on ‘freedom of religion’ argues that it is a vital part of respecting the rights of women and people who identify as LGBT that they are able to belong to a ‘faith of their choice’ without being ‘discriminated against’ for their ‘right’ to abortion and LGBT lifestyle:. Our nation was founded on the premise that all human beings are created equal in rights and in dignity. March 11, 2020. Human Rights Report, 1 January – 30 June 2014 Human Rights Report, 1 July - 31 December 2013 [ English ] [ Arabic ] and [ Kurdish extract ] Human Rights Report, 1 July - 31 December 2012 [ English ] Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits. Rights-based conservation. Learn about the service. Section two addresses the salient human rights risks This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations. https://childrenandarmedconflict.un.org/, WATCHLIST ON CHILDREN AND ARMED CHILDREN: The U. S. Department of Labor contributes to material in section 7 on worker rights (see Appendix B for more detail). The “prohibition on the worst forms of child labor” looks to ILO Convention 182, which defines anyone under the age of 18 as a child, and specifies certain types of employment as “the worst forms of child labor.”  These worst forms of labor include slavery, debt bondage, forced labor, forced recruitment into armed conflict, child prostitution and pornography, involvement in illicit activity such as drug production or trafficking, and work that, “by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children.”. It also proposes options for … To comply with the congressional requirement for reporting on human rights practices, the Department provides guidance to U.S. diplomatic missions annually in July for submission of updated texts in September and October. In Section 1.a., corrected the first sentence of the fourth paragraph to show that Daily NK, rather than NK News, reported on a firing squad execution of Lieutenant General Hyon Ju Sung. Partner. The subsection Civil Procedures and Remedies notes whether there is access to an independent and impartial court or other competent authority to seek a remedy, whether damages for, or cessation of, an alleged human rights violation. “Forced or compulsory labor” is defined as work or service exacted under the menace of penalty and for which a person has not volunteered. The ILO exempts compulsory military service, normal civic obligations, emergencies, and minor communal services from its definition of forced labor. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Mozambique is a multiparty parliamentary democracy with a freely elected republican form of government. Also included would be corrective action taken by the peacekeeping troop-contributing country. This section also may include reports of ill treatment that may not constitute torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment. 2019 Key Findings Report A detailed briefing on the 2019 results. The UN Trafficking Protocol also addresses forced labor, by requiring state parties to criminalize the recruitment, transport, transfer, receipt, or harboring of a person for the purpose of forced labor or services extracted through coercive or fraudulent means. on Religious Freedom provides a hyperlink to the most recent International Religious Freedom Report, which also contains material on anti-Semitism. Work theme. The guiding principles were that all information be reported objectively, thoroughly, and fairly. The section addresses abuses and discrimination not discussed elsewhere in the report, focusing on violence or threats of violence against such individuals and laws, regulations, and state practices denying or impeding equal access to employment, education, health care, or other governmental benefits for members of specific groups. http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.530?lang=en  Our focus is on coercive government action, and we therefore do not cover instances in which family members or partners may pressure someone to have an abortion. We published our next Human Rights Report in 2017 and going forward we will be reporting progress on this website and through our Plan A Report. http://www.unicef.org/ , http://www.mulabilatino.org/, UNAIDS: Killings by terrorist groups, for example, are covered after government abuses. Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2019 United States Department of State • Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor the prosecutor generally has three months to complete the investigation if the defendant is in pretrial detention, and six months to complete the investigation if the defendant is granted house arrest. Information on anti-Semitism also appears in section 6 under a heading by that name. This means that your information must come from bona fide sources such as peer-reviewed scholarship, non-profit publications, government statistics, and first-hand accounts. The subsection on Women discusses violence against women, such as domestic violence, rape, female genital mutilation/cutting, dowry deaths, and “honor killings.”  Information is included on any government tolerance of, and efforts to prevent, such practices, as well as the extent to which women have access to equality of economic opportunity and protection from discrimination and sexual harassment. In the age of the Internet, the underlying data is readily available. As defined in the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol, refugees generally are persons outside their country of nationality or, if stateless, outside their country of former habitual residence, who are unable or unwilling to return to that country based on a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion. In June 2016, we published our inaugural Human Rights Report which outlines the steps we are taking to support and respect human rights and our plans for the future. Once the initial drafts of the individual country reports were completed by U.S. missions abroad, the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (DRL), in cooperation with other Department of State offices with the relevant country and regional expertise, reviewed and edited the reports, drawing on its own sources of information as well as of the Department of Labor. Human rights reports constitute a primary tool to record and analyse information, present findings of monitoring and fact-finding activities, express concern about a human rights problem, engage in dialogue and advocate with authorities, and propose recommendations for corrective action. It is only an allegation about the absence of potable water that would raise prison condition concerns and thus should be mentioned. www.ilga-europe.org, Mulabi (covering Latin America): The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures. Freedoms of Peaceful Assembly and Association:  Evaluates the ability of individuals, including with others (such as through political parties) to exercise these freedoms. Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world. Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law. Disappearance:  Covers cases in which the government may be involved in the detention, abduction, or disappearance of the victim, and refuses to account for the whereabouts or fate of the victims. January 2018 — German and Spanish translations … Download report . Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution. Denial of Fair Public Trial:  Notes whether there is an independent and impartial judiciary free of corruption or political influence and whether trials are fair and public and afford criminal defendants the minimum guarantees recognized internationally as necessary for a criminal defense (failure to hold any trial is noted in the section above). The United States is committed to using its voice and position on the world stage to draw attention to these violations and abuses of human rights, and to promote accountability for human rights violators and abusers. On page 12, the title and description of the periodical was changed to reflect that it is an English-language online newspaper called the Tamil Guardian. DRL, working with other Department offices as necessary, also ensured that all reports followed the same methodology and conformed to standard format and structure. It also reviews the government’s extension of assistance and protection to refugees, including protection against refoulement, the provision of temporary protection, and support for voluntary repatriation, longer-term integration opportunities, and resettlement in another country. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace. Report on the human rights situation in Ukraine … Some key events from 2013 are also reported. 25 November, 2020. No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honor and reputation. 10 December, 2020. The subsection on Children discusses early and forced marriage and sexual exploitation of children; as applicable, it also addresses access to education and health care, and violence or other abuse against children, as well as other issues. Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author. We have provided links to relevant sources rather than repeat the data in the text of the reports. U.S. diplomatic missions abroad prepared the initial drafts of the individual country reports. This subsection also includes reports of abuses, including abductions, against civilians by members of the armed forces, other groups that may support the government but may also commit abuses, or groups in political opposition to the government. http://www.state.gov/trafficking-in-persons-report, Disabled Peoples’ International: http://www.unaids.org/en/regionscountries/countries, Stigma Index: Coverage of the right to organize and bargain collectively includes a review of the extent to which collective bargaining takes place and the extent to which workers, both in law and practice, are protected against antiunion discrimination. Our approach to respecting and promoting human rights focuses on: Understanding the potential human rights impacts of our activities and business relationships. § 2464, 2467 also require that U.S. foreign and trade policy take into account countries’ human rights and worker rights performance and that country reports be submitted to the Congress on an annual basis. Frequently, eyewitnesses are intimidated or prevented from reporting what they know. Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. Learn More. “Protection against refoulement” refers to whether the government refrained from (1) expelling or returning a refugee in any manner whatsoever to the frontiers of territories where their life or freedom would be threatened on account of their race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group, or (2) expelling, returning, or extraditing a person to another State where there are substantial grounds for believing that they would be in danger of being subjected to torture. There may be few eyewitnesses to specific alleged violations or abuses. Section 2.c. Introducing the report, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo had denounced China as the worst country in the world for human rights. Re-garding the Universal Periodic Review (UPR), all 193 Member States were reviewed by the mechanism for the second time with second cycle coming to an end in 2017. 1988 vereinigte sich Helsinki Watch mit anderen internationalen Organisationen, die vergleichbare Ziele verfolgten, zu Human Rights Watch. This report includes information on our business activities where we have operational control. The law defines internationally recognized worker rights to include:  “(A) the right of association; (B) the right to organize and bargain collectively; (C) a prohibition on the use of any form of forced or compulsory labor; (D) a minimum age for the employment of children, and a prohibition on worst forms of child labor; and (E) acceptable conditions of work with respect to minimum wages, hours of work, and occupational safety and health.”  19 U.S.C. These include the prohibition on torture or other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment and the rights not to be subjected to arbitrary detention; disappearance or clandestine detention; and other violations of the right to life, liberty, and the security of person. They also include the right to certain freedoms, such as freedoms of expression, association, peaceful assembly, and religion, without any distinction. Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein. Cases eventually classified as political killings after the bodies of missing persons are discovered would be covered in the previous section, while those eventually identified as having been arrested or held in detention may be covered in subsection 1.d., under Arbitrary Arrest or Detention. A subsection Coercion in Population Control changes the former focus from general “reproductive rights” and maternal health issues to comply with the requirement of U.S. law that we report on coercive family planning practices, such as coerced abortion and involuntary sterilization. The Trafficking in Persons subsection contains a hyperlink to the Department of State’s most recent Trafficking in Persons Report. A human rights lens puts everyone in the picture and ensures that no one is left behind. http://www.miusa.org, National Human Rights Institutions Forum: In similar fashion, some governments may distort or exaggerate abuses attributed to opposition groups. This section also examines if governments have in place laws, regulations, or practices that enable them to use technology to monitor individuals arbitrarily or unlawfully and whether any “national security” laws are used by governments to conduct arbitrary or unlawful surveillance. first Human Rights Report in 2015, we’ve continued to seek and build alliances with progressive businesses, forward-thinking policy makers, foundations, investors, academics, international organisations and members of civil society and others to drive transformative change. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. A new U.N. report links continued armed conflicts and widespread impunity in the Democratic Republic of Congo to massive human rights violations. The subsection Political Prisoners and Detainees covers persons convicted, imprisoned, or detained essentially for political beliefs or nonviolent acts of dissent or expression, particularly based on overly broad and sweeping charges intended to stifle the exercise of human rights and fundamental freedoms. Rosemary Kayess gives 2020 Human Rights Oration. Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence. The annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices – the Human Rights Reports – cover internationally recognized individual, civil, political, and worker rights, as set forth in the Universal Declaration of … Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance. http://www.aceproject.org/, IFES – Democracy at Large: The UN Guiding Principles Reporting Framework is the world’s first comprehensive guidance for companies to report on how they respect human rights. Bureau officers also consulted experts in the Department of State and elsewhere on worker rights, refugee issues, police and security issues, women’s issues, and legal matters, among many others. human rights report . Why human rights. https://www.state.gov/bureaus-offices/under-secretary-for-civilian-security-democracy-and-human-rights/office-of-the-special-envoy-to-monitor-and-combat-anti-semitism/, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, State Department: 10 December, 2020. Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.